Urethritis — a disease for which there is a typical manifestation of the inflammatory process in the urethra. The most significant symptoms of urethritis are the expressed feelings of pain in the process of urination, as well as the emergence of a discharge from the urethra. This disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
Urethritis – infectious disease, because its development occurs as a result of exposure to the infectious agent. So they can be viruses, fungi, bacteria, etc. Also in very rare cases occur disorders of the radiation, toxic, allergic, and certain other types of urethritis.
Depending on that, due to the impact, what kind of the originator develops urethritis, we distinguish two different types of the disease: urethritis specific and non-specific. In the first case is the emergence of specific urethritis provoke (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc.) These infections may be combined with the influence of other viruses, fungi, bacteria, in the body can be several infections. In this case, the disease becomes more complicated by the fact that, as a rule, a person resolves when the acute phase of the disease passes in the chronic.
Indefinite urethritis manifested in the result of the exposure of conditionally-pathogenic microflora. Its occurrence support the staphylococci, streptococci, intestinal sticks, mushrooms and other Diseases, in both cases, it develops and manifests itself practically as well. But it is very important to note that in the case of detection of sexual infection all sexual partners of the patient is required to undergo examination and course of treatment.
Usually a manifestation of a specific urethritis occurs after sexual intercourse. However, it happens that a person becomes infected, and at a certain time becomes a carrier of infection. In such a case, the disease can occur at any time. As a result of sexual contact, can manifest and indefinite urethritis.
The reason for the development of the inflammatory process in the urethra state failure immunity of the channel wall. The urethra is constantly infected of entry of the infection occurs through the bloodstream from the intestines, of skin, from other places. Particularly strong injection occurs during sexual intercourse. Therefore, until the wall of the urethra can cope with the infection, the disease does not develop. But at the slightest failure of the functioning of the protective mechanisms creates an inflammatory process that is accompanied by the concomitant symptoms.
There are a number of factors, which often become the predisposing in the process of developing the disease. Mainly urethra in men and in women may arise due to one or lasting hypothermia. The emergence of urethritis affects the availability of human urinary diseases. When sand or rock is moving infections of the urinary channel, then it is quite possible the incidence of wall injury and the subsequent emergence of urethritis. Susceptibility to disease, injury to the penis, too hard physical activity, irregular sexual life. However, too high sexual activity and frequent changing of partners can also trigger the development of disease. Not recommended too frequent eating of spicy food, but also salty, acidic foods, pickled vegetables, large amounts of alcohol. How in the urine, the substance of such food irritates the walls of the channel. As a result can rise to inflammation or to show the progression of already existing diseases.
That causes the factor in the manifestations of urethritis is often cited the lack of drinking: irregular urination leads to retention of bacteria in the body, because it is urine washes away from them from the wall of the urinary bladder. In a few hour break between hikes to the toilet the risk of inflammation rises significantly. Also urethritis may occur on the background of chronic inflammation, which arise in the body.
So, there's a lot of factors, which may later become a determining factor in the development of urethritis. Therefore, this disease can occur in each individual.
Already in the very beginning of the disease manifest themselves clearly expressed symptoms of urethritis: severe pain and burning, burning sensation and itching during urination. Also in the process of urination a person may experience any other unpleasant manifestations. Similar feelings arise in the genital organs and in the groin.
One more important symptom of urethritis – is that the emergence of discharge from the urethra. They may have a diverse character. So, depending on what causative agent caused urethral discharge are very rich or very fragmentary. During exacerbations of the disease the edges of the external openings may be inflamed and stick together. In some cases, however, the development of urethritis is not accompanied by secretions.
At each subsequent exacerbation inflammation affects all or a substantial part of the mucous membrane of the urethra. So, symptoms of urethritis with each further deterioration are becoming more and more pronounced. So if the disease is not treated by appropriate methods, or the emergence of complications of urethritis.
If we consider the symptoms of urethritis from the point of view of their manifestations in each of the varieties of the disease, then there are noticeable some differences of clinical images.
So, in acute urethritis in men and women the main symptoms is a strong burning sensation and feelings of pain in the process of urination, the presence of abundant discharge from the urethra, swelling and marked redness of the lips of the urethra. When torpid urethritis observed subjective disorders. They are manifested clearly, in some cases missing completely.
In the case of subacute urethritis is the reduction of pain and swelling in the urethra also reduces the amount of bleeding. Only in the morning sometimes manifests itself in the bark. Urine has a transparent shade, it may appear purulent fibers.
Long-term exposure to urethritis, which is manifested due to improper access to treatment, and either full, that does not happen, it is possible to neurotic phenomena. Most often, when this form of urethritis are present small, discharge from the urethra. They become more abundant, subject to certain factors, provoking an exacerbation of the disease. It may be excessive drinking of alcohol, excitement, hypothermia. Symptoms of urethritis in the chronic form often similar to the symptoms of urethritis.
For complete urethritis is characterised by inflammation of the urethra as a whole. The symptoms of this form of the disease are similar to symptoms of prostatitis. While it is important to consider that in the absence of therapy, symptoms of urethritis may disappear on their own. However, in each subsequent deepening of the disease its symptoms will be expressed even stronger. Eventually, the patient may have serious complications of urethritis.
For proper treatment it is necessary, first of all, to correctly establish the diagnosis. First of all, the doctor is trying to figure out what reasons caused the emergence of urethritis in the patient. So, for the determination of the causative agent of the disease apply a variety of laboratory tests (smear of DNA-diagnostics, PCR). Often the doctor prescribes the implementation of ultrasound studies of the pelvic organs for an adequate assessment of their condition. Commented the results obtained, the patient is assigned a certain therapy.
In order for the treatment of urethritis was the most effective, it should first determine what kind of infection triggered inflammatory processes of the urethra. In the treatment of urethritis is to use the same schema therapy, which is in the treatment of thrush, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other diseases of the sexual system. To combat with pathogenic micro-organisms use a variety of drugs. Firstly, it is the antibiotics, as well as funds with anti-fungal and antiviral action.
It is important that the treatment of urethritis occurred in parallel for both sexual partners due to the high probability of transmission of infection during sexual intercourse.
And a strange and vague urethritis treated with governed by the same principles. This classification is important in terms of the specific choice of drugs for the treatment of urethritis, and also to understand whether it is necessary in the treatment of the sexual partner of the patient.
If a patient diagnosed with a combination of urethritis and cystitis, then it is important a comprehensive approach to treatment. When this doctor definitely prescribes the application of physiotherapy procedures, and also instillations of medications into the urinary bladder and urethra. The process of treatment may take several days to several weeks, depending on the severity of the disease.
Important is the right approach to the treatment of the patient. Effectively not only treatment, but also the observance of the prescribed by a doctor diet, abstinence from alcohol, excessive drinking.
After a course of therapy is over, and all the symptoms of the disease have disappeared, would be required to carry out the tests repeatedly for monitoring the condition of the patient. This will help to make sure that the infection has managed to destroy.